Hans Teye Bakker

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1948 –
Sanskrit
Hinduism, ancient Indian history

Curriculum vitae

1948born in Groningen on July 21
1971BSc chemistry, Groningen University
1976MA philosophy, Groningen University
1976-1996lecturer Sanskrit, Groningen
1984PhD arts and letters under the supervision of J. Ensink, Groningen University
1996-2013professor of Sanskrit, the history of Hinduism and Indian philosophy (Gonda chair)

Special activities and positions

  • Editor-in-Chief of the Groningen Oriental Studies, since 1986
  • Co-editor of the Gonda Indological Studies, since 1994
  • Editor-in-Chief of the Indo-Iranian Journal, 2002-2012
  • Visiting professor Vienna (2003), Kyoto (2007); visiting fellow All Souls College, Oxford (2003-2004)

Sources

Publications

1980  “A Dutch project on pilgrimage in India.” IAVRI Bulletin 8: 18-21.
1981  & Alan Entwistle (eds), Vaiṣṇavism: the history of the Kṛṣṇa and Rāma cults and their contribution to Indian pilgrimage: a report on a seminar and excursion, Groningen: Institute of Indian studies.
1982  “The rise of Ayodhyā as a place of pilgrimage.” IIJ 24: 103-126.
“On the origin of the Sāṃkhya psychology.” WZKS 26: 117-148.
1983  & Alan Entwistle (eds), Devī: the worship of the goddess and its contribution to Indian pelgrimage: a report on a seminar and excursion, Groningen: Institute of Indian studies, 133 pp.
“Śāktism: lecture 25-2-1983.” In: H. Bakker and A. Entwistle (eds), Devī: the worship of the goddess and its contribution to Indian pelgrimage: a report on a seminar and excursion, Groningen, pp. 23-35.
“Some notes on Devī Pāṭan: lecture 16-5-1983.” In: H. Bakker and A. Entwistle, Devī: the worship of the goddess and its contribution to Indian pelgrimage: a report on a seminar and excursion, Groningen, pp. 37-44.
1984  Ayodhyā, 3 vols, Groningen. – PhD thesis Groningen; revision Groningen 1986.
1985  “The Agastyasaṃhitā and the history of the Rāma cult.” In: R.N. Dandekar and P.D.Navathe, Proceedings of the fifth world Sanskrit conference, Varanasi, India, Oct. 21-26, 1981, New Delhi, pp. 446-455.
1986  Ayodhyā, Pt. I: The history of Ayodhyā from the 7th century BC to the middle of the 18th century: its development into a sacred centre with special reference to the Ayodhyāmāhātmya and to the worship of Rāma according to the Agastyasaṃhitā ; Pt. II: Ayodhyāmāhātmya : introduction, edition and annotation; Pt. III: Appendices, concordances, bibliography, indexes and maps, Groningen: Forsten (Groningen Oriental Studies 1). – Revision of PhD thesis Groningen 1984.
“Ayodhyā: le nom et le lieu.” Revue de l’Histoire des Religions 203,1: 53-66. – New illustrated edition in: H. Bakker (ed.), Een tuil orchideeën, Groningen 2005, 233–241.
1987  “Reflections on the evolution of Rāma devotion in the light of textual and archaeological evidence.” WZKS 31: 9-42.
“An old text of the Rāma devotion: the Agastyasaṃhitā.” Navonmeṣa: Gopinātha Kavirāja smṛtigranthaḥ, vol. 4: English, Benares, pp. 300-306.
1988  & Martin Gosman (red.). De Oriënt: droom of dreiging? Het Oosten in Westers perspectief, Kampen.
“De culturele ontdekking van India: romantische geestdrift en de opkomst der oriëntalistiek.” In: Hans Bakker en Martin Gosman (red.), De Oriënt : droom of dreiging? Het Oosten in Westers perspectief, Kampen, pp. 94-112.
1989  De leer van de wind: een natuurfilosofie uit de Upanisaden, ingel., vert. [uit het Sanskrit] en geannoteerd, Kampen.
“Some methodological considerations with respect to the critical edition of Purāṇic literature.” In: Einar von Schuler (Hrsg.), XXIII. Deutscher Orientalistentag vom 16. bis 20. September 1985 in Würzburg, ausgewählte Vorträge, Stuttgart, pp. 329-341.
“The Ramtek inscriptions.” BSOAS 52: 467-496.
“The antiquities of Ramtek Hill (Maharashtra).” South Asian Studies (London) 5: 79–102.
1990  Editor of: The history of sacred places in India as reflected in traditional literature: papers on pilgrimage in South Asia, Leiden (Panels of the VIIth world Sanskrit conference, Kern Institute, Leiden, August 23-29, 1987, vol. 3).
“An Indian image of man : an inquiry into a change of perspective in the Hindu world-view.” In: H.G. Kippenberg, Yme B. Kuiper and Andy F. Sanders (eds), Concepts of persons in religion and thought, Berlin-New York, pp. 279-307
“Ramtek: an ancient centre of Viṣṇu devotion in Maharashtra.” In: Hans Bakker (ed.), The history of sacred places in India as reflected in traditional literature: papers on pilgrimage in South Asia, Leiden (Panels of the VIIth world Sanskrit conference 3), 62-85.
“The history of Hanumat worship in Ayodhyā.” In: L. Gopal and D.P. Dubey (eds), Pilgrimage studies: text and context, Śrī Phalāhārī Bābā commemoration volume, Muirabad-Allahabad (Pilgimage Studies 2), pp. 127-135.
& R. Barkhuis en F.J. Velthuis, “Printing Nāgarī script with TEX.” In: Siegfried Lienhard (ed.), Newsletter of the International Association of Sanskrit Studies 3, Stockholm-Turin, pp. 27-34.
1991  Rāma’s hill: (Rāmagiri): temple mount of Vākāṭakas and Yādavas (5th-13th century AD), Groningen: Institute of Indian Studies.
& Martin Gosman (eds), Heilige oorlogen: een onderzoek naar historische en hedendaagse vormen van collectief religieus geweld, Kampen.
“Vormen van religieus geweld in India: de zaak Ayodhyā.” In: Martin Gosman en Hans Bakker (eds), Heilige oorlogen: een onderzoek naar historische en hedendaagse vormen van collectief religieus geweld, Kampen, pp. 155-175.
“The footprints of the Lord.” In: Diana L. Eck and Françoise Mallison (eds), Devotion divine: bhakti traditions from the regions of India: studies in honour of Charlotte Vaudeville, Groningen-Paris (Groningen Oriental Studies 8), pp. 19-37.
“Opening.” In: Hanneke van den Muyzenberg en Thomas de Bruijn (red.), Waarom Sanskrit? Honderdvijfentwintig jaar Sanskrit in Nederland: tien lezingen, Leiden (Kern Institute Miscellanea 4), pp. 7-11.
“Ayodhyā: a Hindu Jerusalem: an investigation of ‘Holy War’ as a religious idea in the light of communal unrest in India.” Numen 38,1: 80-109.
1992  Editor of: The sacred centre as the focus of political interest: proceedings of the symposium held on the occasion of the 375th anniversary of the University of Groningen, 5–8 March 1989, Groningen: Forsten (Groningen Oriental Studies 6).
“Memorials, temples, gods and kings: an attempt to unravel the symbolic texture of Vākāṭaka kingship.” In: A.W. van den Hoek, D.H.A. Kolff, M.S. Oort (eds), Ritual, state and history in South Asia: essays in honour of J.C. Heesterman, Leiden, pp. 7-19.
“Throne and temple: political power and religious prestige in Vidarbha.” In: H. Bakker (ed .), The sacred centre as the focus of political interest: proceedings of the symposium held on the occasion of the 375th anniversary of the University of Groningen, 5–8 March 1989, Groningen (Groningen Oriental Studies 6), pp. 83-100.
“The tradition of the Agastyasaṃhitā.” In: A. Wezler and E. Hammerschmidt (eds), Proceedings of the xxxiith international congress for Asian and North African studies, Hamburg 1986, Stuttgart (ZDMG Supplement 9), pp. 518-519.
“The Manbhaus’ seat on Ramtek hill.” In: R.S. McGregor (ed.), Devotional literature in South Asia: current research, 1985–88, Cambridge, pp. 11-25.
1993  “A newly found statue from Nagardhan.” In: Adalbert J. Gail and Gerd J.R. Mevissen (eds), South Asian Archaeology 1991, Stuttgart, pp. 303-312.
“Early mythology relating to Vārāṇasī.” In: Rana P.B. Singh (ed.), Banāras (Vārāṇasī): cosmic order, sacred city and Hindu traditions: Festschrift to prof. R.L. Singh, Varanasi, pp. 21-28.
“Laudatio.” Journal of the European Āyurvedic Society 3 (Studies in Honour of Gerrit Jan Meulenbeld presented by friends and colleagues on the occasion of his 65th birthday on 28 May 1993): 1-11.
& H.Isaacson, “The Ramtek inscriptions II. The Vākāṭaka inscription in the Kevala-Narasiṃha Temple.” BSOAS 56,1: 46-74.
1994  & Joachim Schickel, Bruno Nagel, Indische Philosophie und europäische Rezeption, [mit einem Vorw. von Hans Heinz Holz], Köln (Dialectica minora 5).
“Die indische Herausforderung: Hegels Beitrag zu einer europäischen kulturhistorischen Diskussion.” In: H. Bakker, J. Schickel und B. Nagel, Indische Philosophie und europäische Rezeption, Köln (Dialectica Minora 5), pp. 33-56.
“New technology and ancient manuscripts: the Institute for Indian Languages and Cultures at the University of Groningen.” IIAS Newsletter 3: 25.
“Observations on the history and culture of Dakṣiṇa Kosala (5th to 7th centuries A.D).” In: Nalini Balbir und Joachim K. Bautze (Hrsg.), Festschrift Klaus Bruhn zur Vollendung des 65. Lebensjahres dargebracht von Schülern, Freunden und Kollegen, Reinbek, pp. 1-66.
& R. Adriaensen and H. Isaacson. “Towards a critical edition of the Skandapurāṇa.” IIJ 37: 325-331.
1995  “Funktion und Macht des Hindu-Tempels im regionalen Kontext: drei historische Beispiele.” In: Hans G. Kippenberg und Brigitte Luchesi (eds), Lokale Religionsgeschichte, Marburg, pp. 191-199.
1996  “Construction and reconstruction of sacred space in Vārāṇasī.” Numen 43,1: 32-55.
“Pārvatī’s Svayaṃvara: studies in the Skandapurāṇa I.” WZKS 40: 5-43.
Review of: O.M. Starza, The Jagannatha temple at Puri: its architecture, art and cult, Leiden 1993. JESHO 39,2: 198-200.
1997  The Vākāṭakas: an essay in Hindu iconology, Groningen: Forsten (Gonda Indological Studies 5).
De schaamteloosheid tot het uiterste gedreven: rede uitgesproken bij de aanvaarding van het ambt van bijzonder hoogleraar in de interpretatie van het Hindoeïsme in de Sanskrit-traditie vanwege de Stichting J. Gonda-Fonds (KNAW) bij de Faculteit der Godgeleerdheid en Godsdienstwetenschap van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen op 27 mei, Amsterdam. – Gonda lecture.
“The twelve-faced Śiva image from Mandhal.” In: R. & B. Allchin (eds), South Asian Archaeology 1995: proceedings of the 13th conference of the European Association of South Asian Archaeologists, Cambridge, 5–9 July 1995, New Delhi, volume 2, pp. 637-649.
1998  & R. Adriaensen and H. Isaacson, The Skandapurāṇa, volume I: Adhyāyas 1–25, critically edited with prolegomena and English synopsis, Groningen (Supplement to Groningen Oriental Studies).
“The sacred centre as the focus of Indological research: the history of India’s most holy tīrtha, Vārāṇasī, reconsidered.” In: Jaroslav Vacek & Jan Dvoˇr´ak (eds), Trends in Indian studies: proceedings of the European symposium of Indian studies, Charles University Prague, Prague (Studia Orientalia Pragensia 18), pp. 9-20.
1999  & Ellen Raven (eds), Fifteenth international conference on South Asian Archaeology, Leiden, 5–9 July 1999, abstracts, Leiden: IIAS.
& Peter Bisschop, “Mokṣadharma 187 and 239-241 reconsidered.” AS/EA 53,3: 459-472. – Papers of the conference on Sāṃkhya, Université de Lausanne, November 6–8, 1998.
Review of: Doris Meth Srinivasan, Many heads, arms and eyes, Leiden 1997. Artibus Asiae 58,3/4: 339-343.
2000  “Little Kṛṣṇa’s play with the moon.” In: Mariola Offredi (ed.), The Banyan tree: essays on early literature in New Indo-Aryan languages: proceedings of the seventh international conference on early literature in New Indo-Aryan Languages, Venice 1997, New Delhi, vol. 2, pp. 353-362.
“An enigmatic giant from Tala.” In: L.S. Nigam (ed.), Riddle of Indian iconography: (zetetic on rare icon from Tālā), Delhi, pp. 101-105.
“A Hindu response to Muslim intrusion: evidence of early forms of devotion to Rāma.” In: M.K. Gautam and G.H. Schokker (eds), Bhakti in current research 1982–85: proceedings of the third international conference on devotional literature in New Indo-Aryan languages, Noordwijkerhout 1985, Lucknow-Ghaziabad-Delhi, pp. 69-87.
“Somaśarman, Somavaṃśa and Somasiddhānta: a Pāśupata tradition in seventh-century Dakṣiṇa Kosala: studies in the Skandapurāṇa III.” In: R. Tsuchida and A. Wezler (eds), Harānandalaharī: volume in honour of professor Minoru Hara on his seventieth birthday, Reinbek, pp. 1-20.
“Tala revisited.” In: Maurizio Taddei and Giuseppe De Marco (eds), South Asian Archaeology 1997: proceedings of the fourteenth international conference of the European Association of South Asian Archaeologist, held in the Istituto Italiano per l’Africa e l’Oriente, Palazzo Brancaccio, Rome, 7–14 July 1997 , Rome 2000 [i.e.] 2001, vol. 3, pp. 1155-1170.
2001  “Dakṣiṇāmūrti.” In: Klaus Karttunen and Petteri Koskikallio (eds), Vidyārṇavavandanam: essays in honour of Asko Parpola, Helsinki (Studia Orientalia 94), pp. 41–53.
“Sources for reconstructing ancient forms of Śiva worship.” In: François Grimal (ed.), Les sources et le temps / sources and time, a colloquium, Pondicherry, 11–13 January 1997, Pondicherry, pp. 397-412.
“The archaeological site of Mansar: an iconological approach to Indian history: an example.” In: R. Torella (ed.), Le parole e i marmi: studi in onore di Raniero Gnoli nel suo 70o compleanno, Roma (Serie Orientale Roma 92), vol. 1, pp. 1-11.
2002  “Religion and politics in the eastern Vākāṭaka kingdom.” South Asian Studies (London) 18: 1-24.
2004  & Harunaga Isaacson, The Skandapurāṇa, vol. II A: Adhyāyas 26–31.14: the Vārāṇasī cycle, critical edition with an introduction, English synopsis and philological and historical commentary, Groningen: Forsten (Supplement to Groningen Oriental Studies).
Editor of: Origin and growth of the Purāṇic text corpus with special reference to the Skandapurāṇa: papers of the 12th world Sanskrit conference held in Helsinki, Finland 13-18 July, 2003, vol. 3,2, Delhi.
Editor of: The Vākāṭaka heritage: Indian culture at the crossroads, [papers] congres te Groningen, 6-8 juni, 2002, Groningen (Gonda Indological Studies 13).
“The structure of the Vārāṇasīmāhātmya in Skandapurāṇa 26–31.” In: Hans T. Bakker (ed.), Origin and growth of the Purāṇic text corpus with special reference to the Skandapurāṇa: papers of the 12th world Sanskrit conference, vol. 3,2, Delhi, pp. 1-16.
“At the right side of the teacher: imagination, imagery and image in Vedic and Śaiva initiation.” In: Phyllis Granoff and Koichi Shinohara (eds), Images in Asian religions, Toronto, pp. 117-148.
“Mansar.” In: Hans T. Bakker (ed.), The Vākāṭaka heritage: Indian culture at the crossroads, Groningen, pp. 71-85.
2005  Editor of: Een tuil orchideeën: anthologie uit de tuin der Geesteswetenschappen te Groningen, Groningen.
“A note on Skandagupta’s Bhitarī inscription, vss. 8–12.” In: R.K. Sharma and Devendra Handa (eds), Revealing the past: recent trends in art and archaeology: prof. Ajay Mitra Shastri commemoration volume, New Delhi, vol. 2, pp. 248-251.
“Commemorating professor Ajay Mitra Shastri.” In: R.K. Sharma and Devendra Handa (eds), Revealing the past: recent trends in art and archaeology: prof. Ajay Mitra Shastri commemoration volume, New Delhi, vol. 1, lxii.
2006  “The Avimuktakṣetra in Vārāṇasī: its origin and early development: studies in the Skandapurāṇa VI.” In: Martin Gaenszle and Jörg Gengnagel (eds), Visualizing space in Banaras: images, maps, and the practice of representation, Wiesbaden, pp. 23-39.
“A theatre of broken dreams: Vidiśā in the days of Gupta hegemony.” In: Martin Brandtner and Shishir Kumar Panda (eds), Interrogating history: essays for Hermann Kulke, New Delhi, pp. 165-187.
2007  “The Hindu religion and war.” In: A.S. King (ed.), Indian religions: renaissance and renewal, London (the Spalding Papers in Indic Studies), pp. 28–40.
“Human sacrifice (Puruṣamedha): construction sacrifice and the origin of the idea of the ‘Man of the Homestead’ (Vāstupuruṣa).” In: J.N. Bremmer (ed.), The strange world of human sacrifice, Leuven, pp. 179-194.
“Monuments to the dead in ancient North India.” IIJ 50: 11-47.
“Thanesar, the Pāśupata order and the Skandapurāņa: studies in the Skandapurāņa IX.” Journal of Indological Studies (Kyoto) 19: 1-16.
2008  Editor of: Mansar: the discovery of Pravareśvara and Pravarapura, temple and residence of the Vākāṭaka king Pravarasena II: proceedings of a symposium at the British Museum, London, 30 June – 1 July 2008 , Groningen, e-book.
“A funerary monument to Prabhāvatīguptā?” In: C. Bautze-Picron (ed.), Religion and art: new issues in Indian iconography and iconology, London, pp. 81–91.
“Mansar: Pravarasena and his capital: an introduction.” In: H. Bakker (ed.),Mansar: the discovery of Pravareśvara and Pravarapura, temple and residence of the Vākāṭaka king Pravarasena II, Groningen, e-book.
“Mansar and its eastern neighbours: Mansar architecture and the temples in Nagarā and Dakṣiṇa Kosala.” In: H. Bakker (ed.), Mansar: the discovery of Pravareśvara and Pravarapura, temple and residence of the Vākāṭaka king Pravarasena II, Groningen, e-book.
“Vārāṇasī, Skandapurāṇa, Tulsīdās: mahāmantra no rekishiteki kenkyuu (in Japanese) (= Vārāņasī, the Skandapurāņa, and Tulsīdās: an investigation into the history of the mahāmantra).” Oriental Studies 45 (Toyo University): 142-143.
2009  “Rāma devotion in a Śaiva holy place: the case of Vārāṇasī.” In: Heidi Rika Maria Pauwels (ed.), Patronage and popularisation, pilgrimage and procession: channels of transcultural translation and transmission in early modern South Asia: papers in honor of Monika Horstmann, Wiesbaden (Studies in Oriental Religions 58), pp. 67-79.
“The so-called ‘Jaunpur stone inscription of Īśānavarman’.” IIJ 52,2/3: 207-216.
“Puruṣamedha, Manasarapuruṣa, Vāstupuruṣa: the image of man in the sacrificial context.” Journal of Indological Studies (Kyoto) 20-21 (2008-2009): 1-23.
2010  “The gospel of Kauṇḍinya: the descent of God in Gujarat and the practice of imitating God.” In: Jitse Dijkstra, Justin Kroesen and Yme Kuiper (eds), Myths, martyrs, and modernity: studies in the history of religions in honour of Jan N. Bremmer, Leiden (Numen Book Series 127), pp. 517-529.
“La collina di Rāma: transgressione ed espiazione su una collina nel sud e l’inadeguatezza delle sostituzioni [Rāma’s hill: transgression and atonement on a hill in the South and the inadequacy of substitutes].” In: P. Pellizzari (ed.), La bisaccia del pellegrino: fra evocazione e memoria, a cura di Amilcare Barbero e Stefano Piano, Atlas, Centro di Documentazione dei Sacri Monti, Monferrato, pp. 73-82.
“Trivikrama: word and statue: a new interpretation of Rāmagiri evidence (1).” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 63,3: 241-247.
“Rohitāgiri.” In: P. Caracchi et al. (eds), Tīrthayātrā: essays in honour of Stefano Piano, Alessandria, pp. 15-26.
“Royal patronage and religious tolerance: the formative period of Gupta-Vākāṭaka culture.” JRAS (third series) 20,4: 461-475.
“The Hindu religion and war.” In: J. van Dijk (ed.), Onder orchideeën: nieuwe oogst uit de tuin der Geesteswetenschappen te Groningen, Groningen, pp. 7-17. – 2nd edition of the 2007 publication.
2011  “Origin and spread of the Pāśupata movement: about Heracles, Lakulīśa and symbols of masculinity.” In: Bertil Tikkanen and Albion M. Butters (eds), Pūrvāparaprajñābhinandanam, East and West, past and present: indological and other essays in honour of Klaus Karttunen, Helsinki (Studia Orientalia 110), pp. 21-37.
“The Gupta-Vākāṭaka relationship: a new interpretation of Rāmagiri evidence (2).” Religions of South Asia 5,1/2 (2011) [2012]: 293-302.
2013  “The Trivikrama temple: a new interpretation of Rāmagiri evidence (3).” South Asian Studies 29,2: 169-176.
“The temple of Maṇḍaleśvarasvāmin: the Muṇḍeśvarī inscription of the time of Udayasena reconsidered.” IIJ 56,3-4: 263–277.
Composition and spread of the Skandapurāṇa: an artist’s impression, Lecture held at the VVIK Bakker Symposium The Study of the History of Hinduism in the Sanskrit Tradition, September 28, Leiden. pdf
2014  & Peter C. Bisschop and Yuko Yokochi (eds), The Skandapurāṇa, volume II B: Adhyāyas 31-52: the Vāhana and Naraka cycles, critical edition with an introduction and annotated English synopsis; in cooperation with Nina Mirnig and Judit Törzsök, Leiden: Brill, xii, 372 p. (Supplement to Groningen Oriental Studies).
The world of the Skandapurāṇa: Northern India in the sixth and seventh centuries, Leiden: Brill, xvi, 316 p. (Supplement to Groningen Oriental Studies). – Also available as e-book.
An enigmatic figure from Kālanjara: the carrier of the vihangikā or ‘bangy,’ Lecture presented at the 22nd conference of the European Association for South Asian Archaeology and Art (EASAA). Stockholm, Sweden 2014. Academia. pdf
2015  Trade of all sorts: the spread of early Saivism along an ancient caravan route in Western India, revised version of the presentation given at the ERC Synergy ‘Beyond Boundaries’ seminar in the SOAS on 9 June 2015. In collaboration with Elizabeth Cecil (Brown, USA). Academia. pdf
Gateway to Kashmir, Lecture presented at Saivism and the Tantric Traditions: a symposium in honour of Alexis G.J.S. Sanderson. Toronto, 28 March 2015. Academia. pdf
2016  & Peter C. Bisschop, “The quest for the Pāśupata Weapon: the gateway of the Mahādeva Temple at Madhyamikā (Nagarī).” IIJ 59: 217–258. pdf.
2017 Monuments of hope, gloom, and glory in the age of the Hunnic wars: 50 years that changed India (484-534). Amsterdam: Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (24th J. Gonda Lecture 2016).
2018 “A Buddhist foundation in Śārdīysa: a new interpretation of the Schøyen Copper Scroll.” IIJ 61: 1–19. DOI: 10.1163/15728536-06101001
“Obituary of Gerrit Jan Meulenbeld: Borne, 28 May 1928* – Bedum, 26 March 2017†.” IIJ 61: 97–100. DOI: 10.1163/15728536-06101002
& Peter C. Bisschop. Pāśupatasūtras 1.7–9 with the commentary of Kauṇḍinya. Academia. https://britishmuseum.academia.edu/HansTBakker