Karel Rijk van Kooij

1939 –
Sanskrit, art history
South and Southeast Asia

Curriculum vitae

1939born in Arnhem on September 10
1957studied classical languages, Sanskrit and South Asian art and archaeology, Utrecht University
1966-1990lecturer South and South-East Asian art and archaeology, Utrecht University
1972PhD under the supervision of J. Gonda, Utrecht University
1990-1995lecturer South Asian art and archaeology, Leiden University
1995-2004professor of South Asian art history, Leiden University
2004retirement, lives in Belgium

Special activities and positions

  • Organizer of the exhibition “Vroeg-buddhistische Kunst uit Gandhāra, sculpturen uit de collectie van het Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde te Leiden,” Faculty of Arts, Utrecht University, 1988
  • Initiator and co-ordinator of a platform of Non-Western Art and Material Culture of the Faculty of Arts, Leiden University, 1991
  • Director of the new ABIA, continuing the Annual Bibliography of Indian Archaeology, international project funded by the International Institute for Asian Studies (IIAS), the Kern Institute and the Gonda Foundation (KNAW), 1996-2001
  • President of the European Association of South Asian Archaeology, and convener of the XIV. international conference of South Asian Archaeology at Leiden University, 1999

Sources

  • Klokke, M. and Ellen Raven, “Between iconology and comparative art history: an interview with K.R. van Kooij, professor of South Asian art history.” IIAS Newsletter 5

Publications

1969  “Ontmoetingen van levenden en doden: Buddhistische invloed in een motief uit de Europese Middeleeuwen.” Spiegel Historiael 4,7/8: 386-393.
1972  Worship of the Goddess according to the Kālikāpurāṇa, part I: A translation with an introduction and notes of chapters 54-69, Leiden. – PhD thesis Utrecht; also appeared as Orientalia Rheno-Traiectina 14.
1974  “Some iconographical data from the Kālikāpurāṇa with special reference to Heruka and Ekajaṭā.” In: J.E. van Lohuizen-de Leeuw and J.J.M. Ubaghs (eds), South Asian Archaeology 1973, Leiden, pp. 161-170.
1975  “Die sogenannte Guptahandschrift des Kubjikāmatatantra.” ZDMG, Supplement III, 2 ( Vorträge XIX. deutscher Orientalistentag 1975): 881-890.
1977  “The iconography of the Buddhist wood-carvings in a Newar monastery in Kathmandu, Nepal (Chuṣyabāhā).” JNRC 1: 39-82.
1978  Religion in Nepal, Leiden (Iconography of Religions, Section 13, Indian Religions 15).
1983  “Protective covering (kavaca).” In: Ria Kloppenborg (ed.), Selected studies on ritual in the Indian religions: essays to D.J. Hoens, Leiden, pp. 118-129.
1985  “Gods and attendants in the relief of Viṣṇu Anantaśayana at Deogarh.” In: Janine Schotsmans and Maurizio Taddei (eds), South Asian Archaeology 1983: papers from the seventh international conference of the Association of South Asian Archaeologists in Western Europe, held in the Musées Royaux d’Art et d’Histoire, Brussels , Naples, pp. 679-702.
1986  “The concept of cosmic totality in the ancient art of India.” Visible Religion: Annual for Religious Iconography 4-5 (1985-1986): 37-48.
1988  Toelichtingen (Vouwblad) bij de tentoonstelling “Vroeg-buddhistische Kunst uit Gandhāra: sculpturen uit de collectie van het Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde te Leiden.” – Tentoonstelling gehouden in maart-april 1988 in de Letterenbibliotheek Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht, 4 pp.
1989  “Indra’s heaven in Buddhist art.” In: D. Mitra and G. Bhattacharya (eds), Nalinīkānta śatavārṣikī: dr N.K. Bhattasali centenary volume (1888-1988): studies in art and archaeology of Bihar and Bengal, Delhi (Sri Garib Dass Oiental series 83), pp. 97-117.
1990  “Display of the relics in early Buddhist art.” Ancient Ceylon 7,1: 125-146.
1991  “Dichtbij de Boeddha.” Op weg … Religieuze beleving in Tibet, Korea en Japan, Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde, Leiden, pp. 4-9.
1992  & Ellen M. Raven (eds), Indian art and archaeology, Leiden (Panels of the VIIth World Sanskrit Conference, Kern Institute, Leiden: August 23-29, 1987, vol. 10).
& Ellen M. Raven, “Pāla-Sena stone sculptures from the National Museum of Ethnology, Leiden.” In: E.M. Raven and Karel R. van Kooij (eds), Indian art and archaeology, Leiden (Panels of the VIIth World Sanskrit Conference 10), pp. 94-128.
“Tuinen in het islamitische cultuurgebied.” In: R.E.V. Stuip en C. Vellekoop (eds), Tuinen in de Middeleeuwen, Hilversum, pp. 51-70.
“Dichtbij de Boeddha.” In: R.J. Munneke (ed.), Shalu: de herontdekking van een Tibetaans klooster, Leiden, pp. 29-39.
1993  “The architectural context of the early Buddha image.” In: A.J. Gail & G.J.R. Mevissen (eds), South Asian Archaeology 1991, Stuttghart, pp. 511-528.
1994  “Iconography of the battlefield: Narasiṃha and Durgā.” In: Asko Parpola & Petteri Koskikallio (eds), South Asian Archaeology 1993: proceedings of the twelfth international conference of the European Association of South Asian Archaeologists held in Helsinki University 5-9 July 1993 , Helsinki, pp. 379-387.
“De tuin en de dood: Islamitische tuinen.” Decorum, Tijdschrift voor Kunst en Cultuur 12,1: 13-17.
1995  “Kālikāpurāṇa.” International Journal of Tantric Studies 1: pp.
“De maan op een doek.” Aziatische kunst 1995,2: 27-39.
“Fabelachtige doeken uit India en Nepal.” Kunstschrift 1995,6: 21-27.
“Een scene in Mathura.” Kwartaalblad Boeddhisme 1,1: 26-28.
“Dieren op de drempel.” Kwartaalblad Boeddhisme 1,2: 18-20.
& H. van de Veere (eds), Function and meaning in Buddhist art: proceedings of a seminar held at Leiden University 21-24 October 1991, Groningen.
“Remarks on festivals and altars in early Buddhist art.” In: K.R. van Kooij & H. van de Veere (eds), Function and meaning in Buddhist art, Groningen, pp. 33-43.
1996  Lichaam in beeld, kunst van India in iconologisch en vergelijkend perspectief, Leiden. – Inaugral address Leiden.
“Kālikāpurāṇa.” In: Enrica Garzilli (ed.), Translating, translations, translators from India to the west, Cambridge, MA (Harvard Oriental Series: Opera Minora 1), pp. 39-51.
“Code of behaviour and iconographic form.” In: S. Denning-Bolle, E. Gerow (eds), The persistence of religions: essays in honor of Kees W. Bolle, Malibu, pp. 109-125
“Boeddha is groot.” Kwartaalblad Boeddhisme 1,3: 24-26.
“De gelofte.” Kwartaalblad Boeddhisme 1,4: 18-20.
“Een pot vol manuscripten.” Kwartaalblad Boeddhisme 2,1: 18-20.
“Lumbini, de geboorteplaats van de Boeddha.” Kwartaalblad Boeddhisme 2,2: 18-20.
1997  “Vergeten schoonheid in Orissa.” Kwartaalblad Boeddhisme 2,3: 20-22
“Een feest voor het oog.” Kwartaalblad Boeddhisme 2,4: 22-24.
“Mandala-universeel symbool.” Kwartaalblad Boeddhisme 3,1: pp. 26-28
& P. Scheurleer, A Companion to Buddhist Art, Leiden University.
“The focus on the human body: two iconographic sources on the origins of Indian art.” In: Dick van der Meij (ed.), India and beyond: aspects of literature, meaning, ritual and thought: essays in honour of Frits Staal, London-New York, Leiden-Amsterdam, pp. 333-347.
1998  & E.M. Raven and M.J. Klokke (eds), ABIA South and Southeast Asian art and archaeology index, vol. 1, London-New York.
“No sign of the Buddha: recent viewpoints on meaning in early buddhist art.” In: K.R. van Kooij, E.M. Raven and M.J. Klokke (eds), ABIA South and Southeast Asian art and archaeology index, vol. 1, London-New York, pp. 27-54.
“Swastika, teken van geluk.” Kwartaalblad Boeddhisme 3,2: 26-28.
“De Tempel van de Tand.” Kwartaalblad Boeddhisme 3,3: 26-28.
“Borobudur en de kracht van het getal.” Kwartaalblad Boeddhisme 3,4: 26-28.
1999  & J.E.M. Houben (eds), Violence denied, non-violence and the rationalization of violence in South Asian cultural history, Leiden: E.J. Brill.
“Iconography of the battlefield: the case of Chinnamastā.” In: Houben, J.E.M. & van Kooij, K.R. (eds.), Violence denied, non-violence and the rationalization of violence in South Asian cultural history, Leiden: E.J. Brill, pp. 249-274.
“Bold and beautiful.” Aziatische Kunst 29,3: 2-11.
2001 & Marijke J. Klokke (eds), Fruits of inspiration: studies in honour of prof. J.G. de Casparis, retired professor of the early history and archeology of South and Southeast Asia at the University of Leiden, the Netherlands on the occasion of his 85th birthday , Groningen: Forsten (Gonda indological studies 11).
“Indra’s heaven in early Hindu art.” In: Marijke J. Klokke and Karel R. van Kooij (eds), Fruits of inspiration: studies in honour of Prof. J.G. de Casparis, … on the occasion of his 85th birthday, Groningen (Gonda indological studies 11), pp. 225-242.
2003  & Shi Liwu (eds), The Pule Temple at Chengde, Chengde centenary monographs, Bejing: China Travel & Tourism Press.
2004  “An equal music.” In: R.E.V. Stuip (ed.), Meer dan muziek alleen: in memoriam Kees Vellekoop, Hilversum, pp. 211-220.
2006  “A meaningful tree: the Bo Tree at Anurādhapura, Sri Lanka.” In: Kitty Zijlmans (ed.), Site-seeing, places in culture, time and space, Leiden (CNWS Publications 147), pp. 9-31.
2008  “Sterrenbeelden: antropomorfe voorstellingen van de Nakṣatras in India en Centraal-Azië.” Aziatische Kunst 38,4 ( Parels in een baaierd van lacunes: feestbundel voor Pauline Scheurleer): 91-98.
“The shadow of the past: an essay about meaningful places.” In: Nandana Chutiwongs & Nimal de Silva (eds), Roland Silva felicitation volume, Colombo, pp. 91-98.
2010  “Relics or burials: The Kanheri Stūpa Gallery.” In: L. Prematilleke (ed.), Abhinandanamālā, Nandana Chutiwongs felicitation volume , Bangkok, pp. 191-198.
2011  “The Buddha revisited: ritualizing and visualizing sacred places.” In: Corinna Wessles-Mevissen (ed.), Visuality of Indian rituals, Mārg 63,2: 28-39.