Maarten Bode

1952 –
social-cultural aspects of Indian medicine, Āyurveda

Curriculum vitae

1977MA clinical psychology, University of Am­sterdam
1978-1980psychotherapist, Boumannstich­ting, Rotterdam
1980‑1981Hindi studies at the Tribhuvan Univer­si­ty, Kathmandu, Nepal
1981‑1982translator, Tokyo, Japan
1982‑1991teacher computer science at Nijenrode College and Hogeschool Holland
1994MA cultural anthropology, University of Amsterdam
1996-2004guest researcher, medical anthropology unit, University of Amsterdam
1998-2004PhD candidate CERES, the research school of the University of Utrecht
2004PhD medical anthropology, University of Amsterdam
2005visiting research fellow, medical anthropology unit, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Amsterdam
2006-2008affiliated fellow, International Institute of Asian Studies, University of Leiden/University of Amsterdam
2008-2016adjunct faculty member, Medical Anthropology & Sociology Research Unit, University of Amsterdam
2010-presentadjunct faculty member, Institute of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Bangalore, India

Special activities and positions

  • Member of an international network of social scientists and stakeholders involved in the study, critical evaluation, revitalization and improvement of Traditional Medicine, especially Indian and Asian medical traditions
  • Member of the board of the International Association for the Study of Traditional Asian Medicine (IASTAM), 2002-2009
  • Editor of the eJournal of Indian Medicine (eJIM), State University of Groningen, the Netherlands
  • Peer reviewer for Anthropology & Medicine, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Social Science and Medicine,Modern Asian Studies, Journal for Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Tijdschrift Medische Antropologie and the Austrian Science Fund, etc.
  • Fieldwork and thesis supervisor University of Amsterdam, Medical Anthropology and Sociology
    Initiator of hosting the Indian Medical Heritage Research Network (InMerit) with the IIAS


2014  & G. Hariramamurthi, “Integrating folk healers in India’s public health: acceptance, legitimacy and emancipation.” eJIM 7,1.
2013  & Unnikrishnan Payyappallimana, “Evidence based traditional medicine: for whom and to what end?” eJIM 6,1: 1-20.
2012 “Ayurveda in the 21st century: logic, practice, and ethics.” In: Leena Abraham and V. Sujatha (eds), Medical pluralism in contemporary India, New Delhi: Orient Blackswan, pp. 59-76.
“Ayurveda in contemporary India.” IIAS Newsletter 61: 52.
2011  “The transformations of disease in expert and lay medical cultures.” Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine 2,1: 14-20.
“De vele gezichten van de hedendaagse ayurvedische klinische praktijk (the many faces of contemporary ayurvedic clinical practice).” Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Fytotherapie (The Dutch Journal of Phytotherapy) 24,2: 17-20.
“Exchange visits by healers’ Group B.” In: Compas_I-AIM, Celebrating healing heritage, Bangalore: FRLHT_I-AIM, pp. 7-13.
2009  “Ayurvedic pharmaceutical products: government policy, marketing rhetorics, and rational use.” In: Karen Eggleston (ed.), Pharmaceuticals in Asia-Pacific: manufacturers, prescibing cultures, and policy, Palo Alto: APARC, Stanford University, pp. 251-265.
“On the effectiveness of Ayurvedic medical treatment: humoral pharmacology, positivistic science, and soteriology.” eJIM 2: 1-24.
2008  Taking traditional knowledge to the market: the modern image of the Ayurvedic and Unani industry, New Delhi: Orient Blackswan (New Perspectives in South Asian History 21).
“De werkzaamheid van Ayurvedisch medisch handelen (The effectiviness of Ayurvedic therapy).” Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Fytotherapie (The Dutch journal of Phytotherapy) 20,1: 2-8.
“The modern image of the Unani and Ayurvedic industry.” Wellcome History 37: 4-5.
Review of: Guy Attewell, Refiguring Unani Tibb: plural healing in late colonial India, New Delhi: Orient Longman 2007 (New Perspectives on South Asian History 17). Asian Medicine: Tradition and Modernity 3,2: 370-375.
2007  “Taking traditional knowledge to the market: looking at Asian medical traditions through the lens of medicines and manufacturers.” IIAS Newsletter 45: 23.
2006 “Taking traditional knowledge to the market: the commoditization of Ayurvedic and Unani medicine.” Anthropology & Medicine 13,3: 225-236.
“Ayurveda.” India Instituut Bulletin 2006: 8-15.
2005  “Ayurvedische en Unani medicijnen: farmacologisch onderzoek, humoraal-pathologie, authenticiteit en valide onderzoeksprotocollen (Ayurvedic and Unani medicines: pharmacological research, authenticity, humoral-pathology and valid research protocols).” Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Fytotherapie (The Dutch journal of Phytotherapy) 18,2: 16-19.
2004  Ayurvedic and Unani health and beauty products: reworking India’s medical traditions, PhD Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Amsterdam.
2002  “Indian indigenous pharmaceuticals: tradition, modernity and nature.” In: Waltraud Ernst (ed.), Plural medicine, tradition and modernity, 1800-2000, London-New York: Routledge, pp. 184-203.
“Ayurvedic and Unani bioceuticals: an anthropological inquiry into the modernisation of traditional medical knowledge.” Amruth 6,2: 18-23.
“The commodification of indigenous medicine.” Amruth 6,4: 18-22.
2001  “Indian indigenous pharmaceuticals: the articulation of modernization and Indian modes of thought.” In: B.V. Subarayappa (ed.), Medicine and life sciences in India, project of History of Indian Science, Philosophy and Culture, Vol. 4,2, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, pp. 549-573.
1998  “On the consumption of Ayurvedic pharmaceuticals in India: extracting the poison of modernisation.” In: Anne Gevers (ed.), Uit de zevende: vijftig jaar politieke en sociaal-culturele wetenschappen aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam (From the Seventh Faculty: fifty years of political and social-cultural sciences in Amsterdam), Amsterdam: Het Spinhuis, pp. 361-371.
1997  “Integrated Asian medicine and the loss of individuality.” JEAS 5: 180-195.
1995  “Empirie en dogma in een Ayurvedische praktijk in Kathman­du: een pleidooi voor verlicht etno­centrisme in de medi­sche antropologie. (Empiric and dogma in an Ayurvedic practice in Kathmandu: a plea for enlightened ethnocen­trism in medical anthropology).” Medische Antropologie 7,1: 140-57.