Gerrit Jan Meulenbeld

1928 – 2017
Psychiatry, Sanskrit medical texts

Curriculum vitae

1928born in Borne (Overijssel) on May 28
1954final examinations in medicine
1956-1961specialization in psychiatry
1961-1978psychiatrist at the Deltaziekenhuis, Poortugaal
1974PhD Indology under the supervision of J. Gonda, Utrecht University
1978-1986associate professor Indology, Groningen University
1978-1988psychiatrist at the Van Mesdagkliniek, Groningen
2017passed away on March 26

Special activities and positions

  • Editor of An annotated bibliography of Indian medicine (ABIM), 2003-
  • Chief-editor of the eJournal of Indian medicine (eJIM), 2007-
  • Member of the editorial board of the Groningen Oriental Studies
  • Chairman of the European Ayurvedic Society, 1983-2001


  • Emmerick, R.E. and R.P. Das (eds), Studies in honour of Gerrit Jan Meulenbeld presented by friends and colleagues on the occasion of his 65th birthday on 28 May 1993 . JEAS 3 (1993), pp. 1-11.
  • wikipedia


1974 The Mādhavanidāna and its chief commentary : chapters 1-10 , introduction, translation and notes, Leiden (Orientalia Rheno-Traiectina 19). – Also published as PhD thesis Utrecht; Indian reprint Delhi 2008.
1979 “Observations on some medical authors called Mādhava and their works.” In: Études sur la Médecine Indienne: Journées d’ Études sur la médecine indienne, Strasbourg, 19–20 juin 1978, Scientia Orientalis (Cahiers du Séminaire sur les Sciences et les Techniques en Asie 16), Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, pp. 59-81.
1981 “Observations on the Arkaprakāśa, a medical Sanskrit text ascribed to Rāvaṇa.” In: Les médecines traditionnelles de l’Asie, Actes du Colloque de Paris, 11-12 juin 1979, Strasbourg, pp. 111-139.
“Developments in traditional Indian nosology: the emergence of new diseases in post-classical times.” Curare 4,4: 211-216. – Also published in 1982.
“Developments in Indian nosography: the Madhavanidana.” Ancient Science of Life 1,1: 80-82, pdf.
1982 “Developments in traditional Indian nosology: the emergence of new diseases in post-classical times.” In: Hans Jochem Diesfeld (ed.), Health research in developing countries, Frankfurt am Main-Bern (Medizin in Entwicklungs­ländern 11), pp. 117-128.
“Some notes on Brahmadeva’s activity as a commenta­tor.” Ancient Science of Life 2,1: 7-10, pdf.
1983 “Dāmodara’s Ārogyacintāmaṇi.” Ancient Science of Life 3,1: 24-26, pdf.
1984 Editor of: Proceedings of the international workshop on priori­ties in the study of Indian medicine, held at the State University of Groningen, 23-27 October 1983, Groningen (Publikaties van het Instituut voor Indische talen en culturen 4).
“Introduction.” Ibid., pp.
“Priorities in the study of Indian medicine.” Ibid., pp. 13-20.
“The surveying of Sanskrit medical literature.” Ibid., pp. 31-114.
“Comments on the ‘Surveying of Sanskrit medical literature’.” Ibid., pp. 115-120.
“Gayadasa.” Ancient Science of Life 4,1: 28-31, pdf.
1985 “The garden cress in Indian medicine.” Ancient Science of Life 5,1: 40-41, pdf.
“Some notes on the history and identity of kañcaṭa.” JREIM 4,3/4: 51–56
1987 and Dominik Wujastyk (eds), Studies on Indian medical history : papers presented at the international workshop on the study of Indian medicine held at the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 2-4 September 1985, Groningen: Forsten (Groningen Oriental Studies 2).
“Reflections on the basic concepts of Indian pharmacology.” In: G.J. Meulenbeld and Dominik Wujastyk (eds), Studies on Indian medical history, Groningen, pp. 1-17.
1988 Nachtrag zu: R.P. Das (ed.), Das Wissen von der Lebensspanne der Bäume: Surapālas Vṛkṣāyurveda, kritisch ediert, übers. und komm.; mit einem Nachtrag von G. Jan Meulenbeld zu seinem Verzeichnis “Sanskrit names of plants and their botanical equivalents”, Stuttgart (Alt-und neu-indische Studien 34), pp.
1989 The search for clues to the chronology of Sanskrit medical texts, as illustrated by the history of bhaṅgā.” SII 15, 59-70.
1990 “Conformities and divergences of basic Āyurvedic concepts in veterinary texts.” JEAS 1: 1-6.
1991 Editor of: Medical Literature from India, Sri Lanka and Tibet, Leiden (Panels of the VIIth world Sanskrit conference, Kern Institute, Leiden: August 23-29, 1987, vol. 8).
“The constraints of theory in the evolution of nosological classifications: a study on the position of blood in Indian medicine (Āyurveda).” In: G.J. Meulenbeld (ed.) 1991, pp. 91-106.
“Kagaku – Igaku Shiryo Kenkyu.” Document Research in Science and Medicine 210 (Nov. 15, 1991): 1-12.
1992 “Mādhava’s works on nidāna and cikitsā.” In: P.V. Sharma (ed.), History of medicine in India: (from antiquity to 1000 A.D.), New Delhi, pp. 243-257.
“The characteristics of a doṣa.” JEAS 2: 1-5.
1995 Et al., “Āyurvedic herbal drugs with possible cytostatic activity.” Journal of ethnopharma-cology 47,2: 75-84.
“The many faces of Āyurveda.” JEAS 4: 1-10.
1997 “Aspects of Indian psychiatry.” In: Y. Kawakita, S. Sakai and Y. Otsuka (eds), History of psychiatric diagnoses: proceedings of the 16th international symposium on the comparative history of medicine – East and West, September 1-8 1991, Susono-shi Shizuoka, Japan, Tokyo, pp. 183-237.
1999 A history of Indian medical literature, 1A (text), 1B (annotation), Groningen: Forsten (Groningen Oriental Studies 15).
2000 A history of Indian medical literature, 2A (text), 2B (annotation), Groningen: Forsten (Groningen Oriental Studies 15).
2002 A history of Indian medical literature, 3 (indexes, corrigenda), Groningen: Forsten (Groningen Oriental Studies 15).
2003 “On medicine in the Kauśikasūtra.” Traditional South Asian Medicine 7: 186-204. – Review article of: S.S. Bahulkar, Medical ritual in the Atharvaveda tradition, Pune 1994.
2004 “Āyurveda and Atharvaveda: their interrelationship in the commentaries on the Kauśikasūtra.” In: E. Ciurtin (ed.), Du corps humain, au carrefour de plusieurs savoirs en Inde: mélanges offerts à Arion Roşu, Bucarest-Paris (Studia Asiatica 4-5 , 2003-2004), pp. 289-312.
2007 “The Sarasvatīnighaṇṭu – Review article.” eJIM 1,1: 19-41. – Review of: S.D. Kamat, Studies on medicinal plants and drugs in Sarasvatīnighaṇṭuḥ, orig. ed. by Late Vd. J.P. Jayatilak in 1918, further ed. with notes and discussions by S.D. Kamat, Delhi 2006 (Chaukhamba Ayurvijnan Studies 74). pdf
2008 “The woes of ojas in the modern world.” In: Dagmar Wujastyk and Frederick M. Smith (eds), Modern and global Ayurveda: pluralism and paradigms, Albany, pp. 157-175.
“A quest for poison trees in Indian literature, along with notes on some plants and animals of the Kauṭilīya Arthaśāstra.” WZKS 51 (2007-2008): 5-75.
“Some neglected aspects of Āyurveda or The illusion of a consistent theory, II: The Suśrutasaṃhitā.” Traditional South Asian Medicine 8, 16–31
2009 The trees called śigru (Moringa sp.), along with a study of the drugs used in errhines, Eelde-Groningen (Supplements to eJIM 1, pdf ).
“Some neglected aspects of Ayurveda or the illusion of a consistent theory.” in: Dominik Wujastyk (ed.), 105–117
2010 The śītapitta group of disorders (urticaria and similar syndromes) and its development in Āyurvedic literature from early times to the present day, Eelde-Groningen (Supplements to eJIM 3, pdf 1, pdf index).
“Reflections on some oddities of the Carakasaṃhitā.” In: Eli Franco and Monika Zin (eds), From Turfan to Ajanta: Festschrift for Dieter Schlingloff on the occasion of his eightieth birthday, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi, 2 vols, pp. 715-724.
2011 “Lakṣmaṇa’s Yogacandrikā.” In: Bertil Tikkanen and Albion M. Butters (eds), Pūrvāparaprajñābhinandanam: Indological and other essays in honour of Klaus Karttunen, Helsinki (Studia Orientalia 110), pp. 121-130.
“The relationships between doṣas and dūṣyas: a study on the meaning(s) of the root murch-/mūrch.” eJIM 4,2: 35-135 . – Reversion of a paper read at the Classical Ayurveda Text Study Group’s panel “The Transmission of Sanskrit Medical Literature in India”, convened by Kenneth Zysk in the framework of the International Asian Dynamics Initiative Conference “Asian Diversity in a Global Context”, University of Copenhagen, from November 12 to 13, 2010. pdf
2012 Mahādevadeva’s Hikmatprakāśa: a Sanskrit treatise on Yūnānī medicine, part I: text and commentary of Section I with an annotated English translation; part II: selected passages from text and commentaries of Section II with an annotated English translation. eJIM 5,2. pdf part I, pdf part II
2013 Mahādevadeva’s Hikmatprakāśa: a Sanskrit treatise on Yūnānī medicine, part III: text and commentary of selected verses from Section III with an annotated English translation. eJIM 6,2. pdf