Elisabeth Maria (Ellen) Raven

1955 –
art history, iconography and numismatics
South and Southeast Asia

Curriculum vitae

1955born in Lutjebroek on August 31
secondary school in Lutjebroek and Hoorn
studied Indology, Leiden University, under the guidance of among others Inez During Caspers (archaeology), Theo Galestin and Hedi Hinzler (art history) and J.G. de Casparis (ancient history)
1991PhD degree under the supervision of J.G. de Casparis, Leiden University
1986-1996assistant librarian of the Kern Institute, Leiden University
1996-2001co-ordinating editor of the ABIA index for South Asia, Leiden University
2002-presentgeneral editor of the western publications on South and Southeast Asia, ABIA index, Leiden
2002-presentlecturer in South Asian arts and material culture at the Faculty of Arts, Leiden University

Special activities and positions

  • Organizer, with K.R. van Kooij and H.T. Bakker, of the 15th international South Asian Archaeology conference in Leiden, 1999
  • General secretary, European Association for South Asian Archaeology and Art, 2008-2012
  • Archivist of the papers of Johanna van Lohuizen-de Leeuw kept with the Ancient India and Iran Trust in Cambridge, England
  • Chairman of the Friends of the Kern Institute, 2007 – 2015



1981 & Jan Warnaar, “Een reis naar Nepal.” Mededelingenblad VVAK 11,5: 14-16.
1982 Review of: Frederick M. Asher, The art of eastern India, 300-800, Minneapolis 1980. Mededelingenblad VVAK 12,1: 18.
Review of: George Michell, Catherine Lampert & Tristram Holland (eds), In the image of man: the Indian perception of the universe through 2000 years of painting and sculpture: Hayward Gallery, London 25 March-13 June 1982 [catalogue of an exhib.], London 1982. Mededelingenblad VVAK 12,4: 10-11.
1984 Review of: Mary Shepherd Slusser, Nepal Mandala: a cultural study of the Kathmandu Valley, New Jersey 1982. Mededelingenblad VVAK 14,3: 12-16. – Also published in Artibus Asiae 45,2/3: 238-241.
1986 “Iconography of the Gupta Garuḍa emblem: the Garuḍadhvaja on the Gupta gold coins.” In: H.I.R. Hinzler (ed.), Studies in South and Southeast Asian archaeology: essays offered to dr J. G. de Casparis on the occasion of his retirement presented by colleagues and former students at the archaeological conference held on 2 June 1986 in Leiden, Leiden (Studies in South and Southeast Asian Archaeology [1]), pp. 46-67.
1987 Review of: Pratapaditya Pal, Indian Sculpture, vol. I: ca. 500 B.C. – A.D. 700, a catalogue of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art collection, Los Angeles-Berkeley 1986. Aziatische Kunst 17,3: 21-23.
1988: “The secret servants of Kubera: the naras or guhyakas.” In: H.I.R. Hinzler (ed.), Essays offered to dr R. Soekmono on the occasion of his retirement as the first occupant of the “Wisselleerstoel” for Indonesian Studies in Leiden, September 1986-June 1987, Leiden (Studies in South and Southeast Asian Archaeology 2), pp. 105-145.
“Amitābha: de Boeddha van het onmetelijke licht.” Aziatische Kunst 18,5: 15-16.
1991 Gupta gold coins with a Garuḍa-banner (Samudragupta-Skandagupta), [s.l.], 2 vols. – PhD thesis Leiden; also published as Gonda Indological Studies 1, Groningen 1994.
1992 & Karel R. van Kooij (eds), Indian art and archaeology, Leiden (Panels of the VIIth World Sanskrit Conference, Kern Institute, Leiden: August 23-29, 1987, vol. 10).
& Karel R. van Kooij, “Pāla-Sena stone sculptures from the National Museum of Ethnology, Leiden.” In: E.M. Raven and Karel R. van Kooij (eds), Indian art and archaeology, Leiden (Panels of the VIIth World Sanskrit Conference 10), pp. 94-128.
“Candragupta III: tracing the coins of a Gupta king.” In: C. Jarrige (ed.), South Asian Archaeology 1989, Madison, Wisconsin (Monographs in Archaeology 14), pp. 441-448.
1994 Gupta gold coins with a Garuḍa-banner: Samudragupta-Skandagupta, 2 vols, Groningen: Forsten (Gonda Indological Studies 1). – Originally published as PhD thesis Leiden, 1991.
“Styles in early Gupta gold coins.” In: Nalini Balbir und Joachim K. Bautze (Hrsg.), Festschrift Klaus Bruhn zur Vollendung des 65. Lebensjahres dargebracht von Schülern, Freunden und Kollegen, Reinbek, pp. 523-544.
1995 “India: tales and translations, the fourth meeting of Dutch Indologists, 22 April 1995, Leiden, The Netherlands.” IIAS Newsletter 6.
1998 & M.J. Klokke (eds), ABIA South and Southeast Asian Art and Archaeology Index – online database.
1999 & M.J. Klokke and K.R. van Kooij (eds), ABIA South and Southeast Asian art and archaeology index, vol. 1, London-New York (Studies from the International Institute for Asian Studies).
2001 “Defining Gupta mint idioms: the Chattra (parasol) Type coins of Candragupta II.” In: Marijke J. Klokke and Karel R. van Kooij (eds), Fruits of inspiration: studies in honour of prof. J.G. de Casparis, retired professor of the Early History and Archeology of South and Southeast Asia at the University of Leiden, The Netherlands on the occasion of his 85th birthday, Groningen (Gonda Indological Studies 11), pp. 389-406.
Review of: J. Cribb, Magic coins of Java, Bali and the Malay Peninsula: thirteenth to twentieth century: a catalogue based on the Raffles collection of coin-shaped charms from Java in the British Museum, London 1999. BTLV 157: 200-208.
2002 & H.I. Lasschuijt (eds), ABIA South and Southeast Asian art and archaeology index, vol. 2 (in two parts), Leiden-Boston (Handbook of Oriental Studies 2,15).
& Tanja Chute (eds), “Afghanistan: picking up the pieces.” IIAS Newsletter 27: 8-16.
“The Chaman-I Hazuri hoard.” IIAS Newsletter 27: 14.
“A giant’s step to Sri Lanka: ABIA’s chair transferred.” IIAS Newsletter 27: 51.
2004 & R. Balasubramaniam, M.I. Dass, “The original image atop the Delhi iron pillar.” Indian Journal of History of Science 39,2: 177-203.
“Kings in copper.” In: H.T. Bakker (ed.), The Vākāṭaka heritage: Indian culture at the crossroads, Groningen, pp. 19-31.
2005 “Candragupta II, the lion-slayer.” In: C. Jarrige and V. Lefèvre (eds), South Asian Archaeology 2001: proceedings of the sixteenth international conference of the European Association of South Asian Archaeologists, held in Collège de France, Paris, 2-6 July 2001 , Paris, pp. 615-622. pdf
“A ring for the king.” Journal of Bengal Art 9-10 (2004-2005): 71-88. pdf
2006 “Kuṣāṇa echoes and the ‘Indianization’ of early Gupta gold coin design.” In: F. De Romanis & S. Sorda (eds), Dal denarius al dinar: l’Oriente et la moneta Romana: Atti dell’ Incontro di Studio, Roma 16-18 settembre 2004, Roma, pp. 201-237.
“Design diversity in Kaniṣka’s Buddha coins.” In: Pia Brancaccio and Kurt Behrendt (eds), Gandhāran Buddhism: archaeology, arts, texts, Vancouver-Toronto: UBCPress, pp. 286-302. – Publication to the memory of Maurizio Taddei.
2007 & G. Theuns-de Boer. “On the Indo-Afghan border: the Gandhāra album revisited.” In J. van Krieken (ed.), Art and archaeology of Afghanistan: its fall and survival, Leiden-Boston, pp. 103-125.
2008 Editor of: South Asian Archaeology 1999: proceedings of the fifteenth international conference of the European Association of South Asian Archaeologists, held at the Universiteit Leiden, 5-9 July, 1999 , Groningen: Forsten (Gonda Indological Studies 15).
& D. Romany (eds), A vision of splendour: Indian heritage in the photographs of Jean Philippe Vogel, 1901-1913, by Gerda Theuns-de Boer, Ahmedabad-Hidden Meadows- Leiden.
“Brick terraces at Ahicchatra and Mansar: a comparison.” In: H.T. Bakker (ed.), Mansar: the discovery of Pravareśvara and Pravarapura: temple and residence of the Vākāṭaka King Pravarasena II: proceedings of a symposium at the British Museum London, 30 June-1 July, 2008 , Groningen, pp. 1-48. e-book
& E. Olijdam and W. Deith-van der Meulen, “A bibliography of E.C.L. During Caspers.” In: E. Olijdam & R.H. Spoor (eds), Intercultural relations between South and Southwest Asia: studies in commemoration of E.C.L. During-Caspers (1934-1996), Oxford, pp. 8-11.
“The yak-tail’s flywhisk (chamara).” Aziatische Kunst 38,4 (Parels in een baaierd van lacunes: feestbundel voor Pauline Scheurleer): 124-135.
“Coins.” In: [Neelam D. Sabharwal, ambassador of India, ed.], Changing images: lasting visions: India and the Netherlands [collection of 35 essays published on the occasion of 400 years of Indo-Dutch relations], Amsterdam, pp. 92-94.
2009 “Een koninklijk verbond in Sassano-Indiase verpakking?” In: Rika Gyselen, Sassanidische kunst en de beeldtaal op munten: invloed en interpretatie, Utrecht: Geldmuseum (Van Gelder-Lezing 8), pp. 45-51.
2010 “The seated lady and the Gupta king.” In: P.F. Callieri & L. Colliva (eds), South Asian Archaeology 2007: proceedings of the 19th meeting of the European Association of South Asian Archaeology in Ravenna, Italy, July 2007 , Oxford (BAR International Series 2133), pp. 259-273. pdf
“Samudragupta’s King-and-Queen Type coins in the patterning of early Gupta coin designs.” Journal of the Oriental Numismatic Society 205 (Supplement): 31-39. pdf
2011 & E. Pieris (eds), ABIA South and Southeast Asian art and archaeology index, vol. 3, Leiden (Handbook of Oriental Studies 2,23).
2012 & Sanjeev Kumar, “A new type and variety in coins of Skandagupta.” Journal of the Oriental Numismatic Society 210: 24-26.
“From Candragupta II to Kumāragupta I: styles in the patterning of Gupta coin designs.” Journal of Bengal Art 17: 51-62. pdf
2015 “Kumāra cum Kumāra.” Pratna Samiksha NS 6: 63-88.
2016 “Samudragupta’s Aśvamedha coins in the patterning of early Gupta coin designs.” Pratna Samiksha NS 7: 95-126.
2017 “Kings of styles or the good, the bad and the ugly.” Journal of Bengal art 22: 119-132. pdf
Review of: Julia A.B. Hegewald, In the shadow of the Golden Age: art and identity in Asia from Gandhara to the Modern Age, Berlin 2014. Studies in Asian Art and Culture, Anthropos: Internationale Zeitschrift für Völker- und Sprachenkunde 112: 674-677.
2019“From third grade to top rate: the discovery of Gupta coin styles, and a mint group study for Kumaragupta I.” In: C. Wessels-Mevissen et al. (eds), Indology’s pulse: arts in context; essays presented to Doris Meth Srinivasan in admiration of her scholarly research, New Delhi: Aryan Books International, pp. 195-222.
2020“Beauty on the beast.” In:Laxshmi Rose Greaves and Adam Hardy (eds), Religions, society, trade and kingship: archaeology and art in South Asia and along the Silk Road, 5500 BCE-5th Century CE (Research presented at the Twenty-third Conference of the European Association for South Asian Archaeology and Art, Cardiff, 2016, vol. 1), New Delhi: Dev, pp. 261-282.
“Messing up the system: Gupta gold coin forgeries.” In: E. Myrdal (ed.), South Asian Archaeology and Art 2014: papers presented at the twenty-second international conference of the European Association for South Asian Archaeology and Art held at the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities/National Museums of World Culture, Stockholm, Sweden, 30th of June to 4th of July 2014. New Delhi: Dev, pp. 283-295.
2022& Gerda Theuns-De Boer (eds), Reading Śiva : an illustrated selection from the ABIA Online Bibliography on the arts and material culture of South and Southeast Asia. Leiden/Boston: Brill.